Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an Anglo-Irish sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art.
His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures. Moore's works are usually suggestive of the female body, apart from a phase in the 1950s when he sculpted family groups. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Many interpreters liken the undulating form of his reclining figures to the landscape and hills of his birthplace, Yorkshire.
Moore was born in Castleford, the son of a coal miner. He became well-known through his carved marble and larger-scale abstract cast bronze sculptures, and was instrumental in introducing a particular form of modernism to the United Kingdom. His ability in later life to fulfill large-scale commissions made him exceptionally wealthy. Despite this, he lived frugally; most of the money he earned went towards endowing the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support education and promotion of the arts.
Moore is considered to be one of the most important British sculptors of the 20th century. He drew his inspiration primarily from non-Western sculpture, and his subject matter was nearly always the human form. He also worked as a draftsman during the World War II, executing a series of "shelter drawings" which depicted Londoners seeking shelter in the London Underground.
Henry Moore, Henry Spencer Moore, Henry II Moore, Heng-li Mo-erh, Henri Mor, Henri Mur, Henari Mure, הנרי מור, ヘンリー・ムーア